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India's First Green Hydrogen Bus Hits the Streets, Paving the Way for Sustainable Public Transportation

Sanjana Mandavia

Sep 25, 2023

India introduced the first hydrogen-fueled bus on 25 September 2023 marking a historical moment in its transport sector, as part of an important step towards a sustainable and eco-friendly future.

The sleek and futuristic green hydrogen bus, a joint initiative by Indian Oil Corporation Limited and Tata Motors, was officially launched at a grand ceremony by the Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Hardeep Singh Puri. The event took place at Kartavya Path, Delhi. The project represents an important milestone as it is the only initiative of its kind undertaken in India to provide greener hydrogen at 350 bar pressure for fuel cell buses operation.

Hardeep Singh Puri explains- “The fuel cell utilizes Hydrogen and air to generate electricity to power the bus, and the only by-product from the bus is water therefore making it possibly the most environmental friendly mode of transportation as compared to conventional buses that run on diesel and petrol”

Key Highlights:

1. Zero Emissions, Clean Mobility: The green hydrogen bus boasts a state-of-the-art fuel cell system that uses hydrogen as its primary fuel source. This innovative technology produces electricity through a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, emitting only pure water vapor as a byproduct. This means zero harmful emissions, making it an eco-friendly alternative to traditional diesel-powered buses.

2. Commitment to Renewable Energy: India's government and the participating companies are committed to sourcing green hydrogen from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. This not only promotes sustainability but also supports the nation's goal of achieving energy independence.

3. A Step Towards Clean Public Transportation: The deployment of the green hydrogen bus is seen as a significant step toward transforming public transportation in India. It serves as a model for the future, encouraging other cities and regions to adopt similar eco-friendly solutions to combat air pollution and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

4. Technology: IndianOil has complemented this effort by setting up a cutting-edge refueling facility at their R&D Faridabad campus, equipped to refuel green hydrogen sourced from electrolysis powered by solar PV panels. The long-term evaluation of the performance and durability of a new technology shall be carried out once two buses have been put into service, with cumulative mileage exceeding 300000 km.

5. A Glimpse into the Future: With the introduction of the green hydrogen bus, India is taking a bold leap into the future of transportation, setting an example for sustainable mobility solutions across the world.

As the country continues to prioritize green energy and environmental conservation, the introduction of such pioneering technologies is expected to play a pivotal role in reducing carbon emissions and enhancing the overall quality of life for its citizens.

The launch of this green hydrogen bus represents a monumental achievement in India's journey towards a cleaner and more sustainable future, with the promise of transforming urban mobility and contributing to global efforts to combat climate change.

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